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Why did God Allow Sin into the World?

Foundational Question

Does God have a choice when it comes to allowing sin? Couldn’t He just speak sin out of this world, given that God created the universe and everything in it? Why did God allow Sin into the world?

God is All-Powerful

To answer these questions honestly, we need to begin with an understanding of who God is. He is:

  • Omnipotent – having unlimited power, able to do anything
    • Genesis 1:1, Job 37:23, Jeremiah 32:17
  • Omniscient – knowing everything, from eternity past to eternity future
    • Hebrews 4:13, 1 John 3:20b, Psalms 139:4, Psalms 147:5
  • Omnipresent – present everywhere at the same time
    • Psalm 139:7-9, Jeremiah 23:23-24, Deuteronomy 4:39
    • For clarity, God’s omnipresence is not the same as Pantheism (God is everything – a Hindu and Buddhist theology). Our God is everywhere, but He is not everything.

When Did Sin Start

The sin and evil that we see today in this world; crime, sexual immorality, hate, etc., started a very long time ago before the earth even existed. Before the beginning of [our] time, God created the angels, and the greatest, most powerful among them was Lucifer.

We know Lucifer (an angel) became Satan (a fallen angel). God did not create Lucifer as evil, but created him as the highest angel in His army. Lucifer chose to turn to evil, and God allowed it…

Lucifer’s Fall in Scripture

  • God refers to Lucifer becoming Satan when Lucifer chooses to sin…
    • Isa 14:13-15
  • Satan’s sin was pride. He wanted to be more than just the highest of angels. He wanted to be like God.
    • Ezk 28:12b-17

At the beginning of time, if God had the power and authority to do away with sin, and He claims to love us (1 John 4:16), and unrepentant sin would send us to Hell for eternity, why didn’t God stop Lucifer and his demons (the fallen angels who represent Satan’s army) from sinning?

Simply put, God allowed sin to enter Lucifer, who then became Satan, because God allowed him to make a free-will decision. Lucifer’s pride became the first evil to enter God’s perfect creation. When Lucifer, now Satan, fell into sin, he corrupted a third of the angels to follow him.

Mankind’s Fall into Sin

Sin entered our world and mankind through Adam (Romans 5:12). Yet we know God loves us (1 John 4:8), even while we remain sinners (James 4:17). Further, we know that unrepentant sinners go to Hell for eternity (Matthew 25:46). Yet many understandably believe God wishes none of us to perish in Hell for eternity (2 Peter 3:9). How can we reconcile all this?

To begin with, why didn’t God stop Satan from enticing Adam and Eve to eat the forbidden fruit (likely not an apple) if God both knew and had the power to stop him? And, perhaps more importantly, why does God continue to allow us to sin today (Romans 3:23)?

Predestination vs. Free-Will

There is an overriding factor beyond God’s absolute sovereignty and love for mankind.

Adam and Eve listened to the serpent (Satan) in the Garden of Eden. They were driven by the same desire [pride and jealousy] that Lucifer was… to be like God (Genesis 3:5). God knew what they were going to do, but still gave them the free-will choice to eat the forbidden fruit. God does the same thing for us today. He gives us the free-will to make decisions to either do the right thing or the wrong thing every day of our lives. But does that mean God is no longer in control?  

Can God’s sovereignty and our free-will coexist?

What about Scripture passages that clearly state that everything is under the control of God, which is Predestination? Proverbs 19:21 states that, “many are the plans in a man’s heart, but it is the Lord’s purpose that prevails.” 

Many theologians believe that free-will and predestination are opposite ends of the theological spectrum. Folks have to land on one side or the other. The challenge is that both concepts are represented in numerous places in Scripture.  

  • Free-will can be defined as – the ability to act at one’s own discretion (John 7:17).
  • Predestination can be defined as – all events have been determined by God, especially Salvation (John 6:44, Romans 8:29-30). 

Many argue predestination is incompatible with free-will in that God can’t allow both. It should be said that this controversy between predestination and free-will has been raging in Christian circles for hundreds of years. 

An Answer

Using Scripture and a bit of common sense, the following is my suggestion for the paradox of why God allows sin and how one reconciles predestination with free-will. However, a complete understanding remains an acceptable mystery for the faithful, on this side of the grave.

In the parable of the Laborers in the Vineyard (Matt. 20:1-16), the master of the house paid his laborers the same amount regardless of how long they worked. Jesus explained in Matthew 20:15 the sovereign right God has to make His own decisions on fairness by saying, “Am I not allowed to do what I choose with what belongs to me? Or do you begrudge my generosity?”

In the same way, God has the right to choose when to interject His will into our lives, and when He chooses not to. In the case of most things we do, often (but not always), we have no idea when we are operating under our own free-will and when we are being directed by God.

God often allows us to make free-will decisions because He desires us to love Him, and love can only come from an individual’s free will. If God directed every decision we made throughout life, where would our desire to love Him come from? We would be nothing more than automatons (robots). What would be the point of prayer, witnessing to others, or having His love letter (the Bible) available to read and apply to our lives?

However, just because God knows everything each of us will do or think well before we do or think it (omniscience and omnipresence), and He has the power to change anything He wants (omnipotence), that does not mean He will always choose to do so.

There is at least one significant exception to God’s willingness to allow our free-will.

Salvation

As sinners, if given a choice, we would never repent and accept God, the Father, and Christ, the Son, as our Lord and our Savior. I believe in this case God, through the Holy Spirit, overcomes our natural human sin nature, dragging us kicking and screaming to the cross, as we acknowledge our sin (Romans 3:23), ask Him to save us (Romans 6:23, 5:8), and accept Him as Lord of our lives (Romans 10:9). 

There are many verses in Scripture which support this position.

  • Romans 8:29 For those God foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the likeness of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brothers.
  • Ephesians 1:4 For he chose us in him before the creation of the world to be holy and blameless in his sight. In love
  • John 6:44 “No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him, and I will raise him up at the last day.

A Caution

This concept that God has already decided who will be saved and who will be lost can lead to a feeling that there is no need to share our faith as Biblical Christians. This is an unacceptable and theologically unsupportable position in which some who believe in predestination can become trapped.

So how do we reconcile God’s predestination of those who will be saved while still supporting the Great Commission (Matt. 28:19-20)?

The answer is simple. No one knows what God knows. He calls each of us to spread the Good News (Acts 1:8) to a lost and dying world. Some of our words will fall on poor soil and some on good soil (Matt. 13:4-9). And then the harvest will come. Our responsibility is to sow seeds of faith, hope, and love. God is the harvester who will decide when, who, and how the gathering will take place (1 Corinthians 3:6-7).

Summary

So the question we started with was, “Why does God allow sin”?

The answer is that it is necessary to perfect His will over mankind, which is to allow us to love and honor Him. Sin and evil are sadly necessary to show the opposite – our love for God and His love for us (John 3:16). Adam and Eve likely never understood the concept of love before their fall into sin. Free-will is not free if there are no good vs. bad choices. In Heaven, we will be without sin, but we will have a memory of it and how God offered us His Son as full payment for our sins. Our worship and love of God will emanate from what He did for us through His Son on the cross.


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AuthorJeff Hilles | BCWorldview.org

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